[klibc] [klibc:update-dash] [BUILTIN] Handle embedded NULs correctly in printf

klibc-bot for Herbert Xu herbert at gondor.apana.org.au
Thu Jan 24 19:15:24 PST 2019


Commit-ID:  e4610e5e04a3292a48a239be366e7767b64ffdcb
Gitweb:     http://git.kernel.org/?p=libs/klibc/klibc.git;a=commit;h=e4610e5e04a3292a48a239be366e7767b64ffdcb
Author:     Herbert Xu <herbert at gondor.apana.org.au>
AuthorDate: Mon, 27 Oct 2014 12:19:25 +0800
Committer:  Ben Hutchings <ben at decadent.org.uk>
CommitDate: Fri, 25 Jan 2019 02:57:21 +0000

[klibc] [BUILTIN] Handle embedded NULs correctly in printf

https://bugs.debian.org/cgi-bin/bugreport.cgi?bug=379227

On Sat, Jul 22, 2006 at 12:48:38PM +0200, A Mennucc wrote:
> Package: dash
> Version: 0.5.3-3
> Severity: normal
>
> hi
>
> here are the examples
>
> $ bash -c 'echo -n -e "A\0102C\00D\0E" | hexdump -c'
> 0000000   A   B   C  \0   D  \0   E
> 0000007
>
> $ /bin/echo -n -e "A\0102C\00D\0E" | hexdump -c
> 0000000   A   B   C  \0   D  \0   E
> 0000007
>
> $ zsh -c 'echo -n -e "A\0102C\00D\0E" | hexdump -c'
> 0000000   A   B   C  \0   D  \0   E
> 0000007
>
> $ dash -c 'echo -n  "A\0102C\00D\0E" | hexdump -c'
> 0000000   A   B   C
> 0000003
>
> and also
>
> $ dash -c 'echo -n  "ABC\0DEFGH" | hexdump -c'
> 0000000   A   B   C
> 0000003
>
> As you see, dash 's builtin echo truncates the output at the first \0
>
> a.
>
> -- System Information:
> Debian Release: testing/unstable
>   APT prefers unstable
>   APT policy: (500, 'unstable'), (500, 'testing')
> Architecture: i386 (i686)
> Shell:  /bin/sh linked to /bin/bash
> Kernel: Linux 2.6.16-1-k7
> Locale: LANG=it_IT.UTF-8, LC_CTYPE=it_IT.UTF-8 (charmap=UTF-8)
>
> Versions of packages dash depends on:
> ii  libc6                         2.3.6-15   GNU C Library: Shared libraries
>
> dash recommends no packages.
>
> -- debconf information:
> * dash/sh: false
>
> --
> Andrea Mennucc
>  "E' un mondo difficile. Che vita intensa!" (Tonino Carotone)

This patch fixes handling of embedded NULs using an approach similar
to the one taken by NetBSD.  In particular, we first determine the
length of the output string, and then use a sequence of Xs of the
same length as input to the underlying C printf to determine the
amount of leading and trailing padding.  Finally we replace the
Xs with the actual string before writing it out.

In order to print out the temporary string containing Xs and padding,
a new helper xasprintf is added.  Unlike asprintf though, our
xasprintf prints to the ash stack rather than using straight malloc
memory.

Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert at gondor.apana.org.au>
Signed-off-by: Ben Hutchings <ben at decadent.org.uk>

---
 usr/dash/bltin/printf.c | 80 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----------
 usr/dash/output.c       | 82 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----------------
 usr/dash/output.h       |  3 ++
 3 files changed, 118 insertions(+), 47 deletions(-)

diff --git a/usr/dash/bltin/printf.c b/usr/dash/bltin/printf.c
index a1c1e918..d49d4454 100644
--- a/usr/dash/bltin/printf.c
+++ b/usr/dash/bltin/printf.c
@@ -40,7 +40,7 @@
 #include <string.h>
 #include <unistd.h>
 
-static int	 conv_escape_str(char *);
+static int	 conv_escape_str(char *, char **);
 static char	*conv_escape(char *, int *);
 static int	 getchr(void);
 #ifdef HAVE_STRTOD
@@ -75,6 +75,53 @@ static char  **gargv;
 	} \
 }
 
+#define ASPF(sp, f, func) ({ \
+	int ret; \
+	switch ((char *)param - (char *)array) { \
+	default: \
+		ret = xasprintf(sp, f, array[0], array[1], func); \
+		break; \
+	case sizeof(*param): \
+		ret = xasprintf(sp, f, array[0], func); \
+		break; \
+	case 0: \
+		ret = xasprintf(sp, f, func); \
+		break; \
+	} \
+	ret; \
+})
+
+
+static int print_escape_str(const char *f, int *param, int *array, char *s)
+{
+	struct stackmark smark;
+	char *p, *q;
+	int done;
+	int len;
+	int total;
+
+	setstackmark(&smark);
+	done = conv_escape_str(s, &p);
+	q = stackblock();
+	len = p - q;
+
+	p = makestrspace(len, p);
+	memset(p, 'X', len - 1);
+	p[len - 1] = 0;
+
+	q = stackblock();
+	total = ASPF(&p, f, p);
+
+	len = strchrnul(p, 'X') - p;
+	memcpy(p + len, q, strchrnul(p + len, ' ') - (p + len));
+
+	out1mem(p, total);
+
+	popstackmark(&smark);
+	return done;
+}
+
+
 int printfcmd(int argc, char *argv[])
 {
 	char *fmt;
@@ -156,17 +203,14 @@ pc:
 			fmt[1] = 0;
 			switch (ch) {
 
-			case 'b': {
-				int done = conv_escape_str(getstr());
-				char *p = stackblock();
+			case 'b':
 				*fmt = 's';
-				PF(start, p);
 				/* escape if a \c was encountered */
-				if (done)
+				if (print_escape_str(start, param, array,
+						     getstr()))
 					goto out;
 				*fmt = 'b';
 				break;
-			}
 			case 'c': {
 				int p = getchr();
 				PF(start, p);
@@ -227,8 +271,9 @@ err:
  *	Halts processing string if a \c escape is encountered.
  */
 static int
-conv_escape_str(char *str)
+conv_escape_str(char *str, char **sp)
 {
+	int c;
 	int ch;
 	char *cp;
 
@@ -236,16 +281,14 @@ conv_escape_str(char *str)
 	STARTSTACKSTR(cp);
 
 	do {
-		int c;
-
-		ch = *str++;
+		c = ch = *str++;
 		if (ch != '\\')
 			continue;
 
 		ch = *str++;
 		if (ch == 'c') {
 			/* \c as in SYSV echo - abort all processing.... */
-			ch = 0x100;
+			c = ch = 0x100;
 			continue;
 		}
 
@@ -257,14 +300,14 @@ conv_escape_str(char *str)
 		if (ch == '0') {
 			unsigned char i;
 			i = 3;
-			ch = 0;
+			c = 0;
 			do {
 				unsigned k = octtobin(*str);
 				if (k > 7)
 					break;
 				str++;
-				ch <<= 3;
-				ch += k;
+				c <<= 3;
+				c += k;
 			} while (--i);
 			continue;
 		}
@@ -272,7 +315,9 @@ conv_escape_str(char *str)
 		/* Finally test for sequences valid in the format string */
 		str = conv_escape(str - 1, &c);
 		ch = c;
-	} while (STPUTC(ch, cp), (char)ch);
+	} while (STPUTC(c, cp), (char)ch);
+
+	*sp = cp;
 
 	return ch;
 }
@@ -462,8 +507,7 @@ echocmd(int argc, char **argv)
 	do {
 		int c;
 
-		nonl += conv_escape_str(*argv);
-		outstr(stackblock(), outs);
+		nonl += print_escape_str("%s", NULL, NULL, *argv);
 		if (nonl > 0)
 			break;
 
diff --git a/usr/dash/output.c b/usr/dash/output.c
index f62e7eab..1b20850a 100644
--- a/usr/dash/output.c
+++ b/usr/dash/output.c
@@ -99,9 +99,6 @@ struct output *out1 = &output;
 struct output *out2 = &errout;
 
 
-#ifndef USE_GLIBC_STDIO
-static void __outstr(const char *, size_t, struct output *);
-#endif
 static int xvsnprintf(char *, size_t, const char *, va_list);
 
 
@@ -134,10 +131,14 @@ RESET {
 #endif
 
 
-#ifndef USE_GLIBC_STDIO
-static void
-__outstr(const char *p, size_t len, struct output *dest)
+void
+outmem(const char *p, size_t len, struct output *dest)
 {
+#ifdef USE_GLIBC_STDIO
+	INTOFF;
+	fwrite(p, 1, len, dest->stream);
+	INTON;
+#else
 	size_t bufsize;
 	size_t offset;
 	size_t nleft;
@@ -186,8 +187,8 @@ alloc:
 err:
 		dest->flags |= OUTPUT_ERR;
 	}
-}
 #endif
+}
 
 
 void
@@ -201,7 +202,7 @@ outstr(const char *p, struct output *file)
 	size_t len;
 
 	len = strlen(p);
-	__outstr(p, len, file);
+	outmem(p, len, file);
 #endif
 }
 
@@ -213,7 +214,7 @@ void
 outcslow(int c, struct output *dest)
 {
 	char buf = c;
-	__outstr(&buf, 1, dest);
+	outmem(&buf, 1, dest);
 }
 #endif
 
@@ -283,35 +284,58 @@ fmtstr(char *outbuf, size_t length, const char *fmt, ...)
 }
 
 
+static int xvasprintf(char **sp, size_t size, const char *f, va_list ap)
+{
+	char *s;
+	int len;
+	va_list ap2;
+
+	va_copy(ap2, ap);
+	len = xvsnprintf(*sp, size, f, ap2);
+	va_end(ap2);
+	if (len < 0)
+		sh_error("xvsnprintf failed");
+	if (len < size)
+		return len;
+
+	s = stalloc((len >= stackblocksize() ? len : stackblocksize()) + 1);
+	*sp = s;
+	len = xvsnprintf(s, len + 1, f, ap);
+	return len;
+}
+
+
+int xasprintf(char **sp, const char *f, ...)
+{
+	va_list ap;
+	int ret;
+
+	va_start(ap, f);
+	ret = xvasprintf(sp, 0, f, ap);
+	va_end(ap);
+	return ret;
+}
+
+
 #ifndef USE_GLIBC_STDIO
 void
 doformat(struct output *dest, const char *f, va_list ap)
 {
 	struct stackmark smark;
 	char *s;
-	int len, ret;
-	size_t size;
-	va_list ap2;
+	int len;
+	int olen;
 
-	va_copy(ap2, ap);
-	size = dest->end - dest->nextc;
-	len = xvsnprintf(dest->nextc, size, f, ap2);
-	va_end(ap2);
-	if (len < 0) {
-		dest->flags |= OUTPUT_ERR;
-		return;
-	}
-	if (len < size) {
+	setstackmark(&smark);
+	s = dest->nextc;
+	olen = dest->end - dest->nextc;
+	len = xvasprintf(&s, olen, f, ap);
+	if (likely(olen > len)) {
 		dest->nextc += len;
-		return;
+		goto out;
 	}
-	setstackmark(&smark);
-	s = stalloc((len >= stackblocksize() ? len : stackblocksize()) + 1);
-	ret = xvsnprintf(s, len + 1, f, ap);
-	if (ret == len)
-		__outstr(s, len, dest);
-	else
-		dest->flags |= OUTPUT_ERR;
+	outmem(s, len, dest);
+out:
 	popstackmark(&smark);
 }
 #endif
diff --git a/usr/dash/output.h b/usr/dash/output.h
index f853e9df..c43d4937 100644
--- a/usr/dash/output.h
+++ b/usr/dash/output.h
@@ -63,6 +63,7 @@ extern struct output memout;
 extern struct output *out1;
 extern struct output *out2;
 
+void outmem(const char *, size_t, struct output *);
 void outstr(const char *, struct output *);
 #ifndef USE_GLIBC_STDIO
 void outcslow(int, struct output *);
@@ -75,6 +76,7 @@ void out1fmt(const char *, ...)
     __attribute__((__format__(__printf__,1,2)));
 int fmtstr(char *, size_t, const char *, ...)
     __attribute__((__format__(__printf__,3,4)));
+int xasprintf(char **, const char *, ...);
 #ifndef USE_GLIBC_STDIO
 void doformat(struct output *, const char *, va_list);
 #endif
@@ -115,6 +117,7 @@ static inline void outc(int ch, struct output *file)
 #endif
 #define out1c(c)	outc((c), out1)
 #define out2c(c)	outcslow((c), out2)
+#define out1mem(s, l)	outmem((s), (l), out1)
 #define out1str(s)	outstr((s), out1)
 #define out2str(s)	outstr((s), out2)
 #define outerr(f)	(f)->flags


More information about the klibc mailing list