[klibc] [klibc:update-dash] [BUILTIN] Fix "test -x" as root on FreeBSD 8

klibc-bot for Jonathan Nieder jrnieder at gmail.com
Thu Jan 24 19:15:30 PST 2019

Commit-ID:  aa5f2856e82ac8e625729beb93b52e6868901507
Gitweb:     http://git.kernel.org/?p=libs/klibc/klibc.git;a=commit;h=aa5f2856e82ac8e625729beb93b52e6868901507
Author:     Jonathan Nieder <jrnieder at gmail.com>
AuthorDate: Tue, 27 Sep 2011 18:19:06 -0500
Committer:  Ben Hutchings <ben at decadent.org.uk>
CommitDate: Fri, 25 Jan 2019 02:57:21 +0000

[klibc] [BUILTIN] Fix "test -x" as root on FreeBSD 8

POSIX.1-2008 §4.4 "File Access Permission" sayeth:

	If execute permission is requested, access shall be granted
	if execute permission is granted to at least one user by the
	file permission bits or by an alternate access control
	mechanism; otherwise, access shall be denied.

For historical reasons, POSIX unfortunately also allows access() and
faccessat() to return success for X_OK if the current process is
privileged, even when the above condition is not fulfilled and actual
execution would fail.  On the affected platforms, "test -x <path>" as
root started returning true on nonexecutable files when dash switched
from its own emulation to the true faccessat in v0.5.7~54

Work around this by checking the permissions bits when mode == X_OK
and geteuid() == 0 on such platforms.

Unfortunately the behavior seems to vary from one kernel version to
another, so we cannot just check the behavior at compile time and rely
on that.  A survey of some affected kernels:

 - NetBSD's kernel moved to the sane semantics in 1997
 - OpenBSD's kernel made the same change in version 4.4, three years
 - FreeBSD 9's kernel fixes this but hasn't been released yet

It seems safe to only apply the workaround on systems using the
FreeBSD kernel for now, and to push for standardization on the
expected access()/faccessat() semantics so we can drop the workaround
altogether in a few years.

To try it on other platforms, use "./configure --enable-test-workaround".

Reported-by: Christoph Egger <christoph at debian.org>
Analysis-by: Petr Salinger <Petr.Salinger at seznam.cz>
Signed-off-by: Jonathan Nieder <jrnieder at gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert at gondor.apana.org.au>
Signed-off-by: Ben Hutchings <ben at decadent.org.uk>

 usr/dash/bltin/test.c | 20 ++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 20 insertions(+)

diff --git a/usr/dash/bltin/test.c b/usr/dash/bltin/test.c
index 458e9f55..bab9a1f9 100644
--- a/usr/dash/bltin/test.c
+++ b/usr/dash/bltin/test.c
@@ -155,6 +155,14 @@ static int test_st_mode(const struct stat64 *, int);
 static int bash_group_member(gid_t);
+static inline int faccessat_confused_about_superuser(void) { return 1; }
+# else
+static inline int faccessat_confused_about_superuser(void) { return 0; }
+# endif
 static inline intmax_t getn(const char *s)
 	return atomax10(s);
@@ -493,8 +501,20 @@ equalf (const char *f1, const char *f2)
+static int has_exec_bit_set(const char *path)
+	struct stat64 st;
+	if (stat64(path, &st))
+		return 0;
+	return st.st_mode & (S_IXUSR | S_IXGRP | S_IXOTH);
 static int test_file_access(const char *path, int mode)
+	if (faccessat_confused_about_superuser() &&
+	    mode == X_OK && geteuid() == 0 && !has_exec_bit_set(path))
+		return 0;
 	return !faccessat(AT_FDCWD, path, mode, AT_EACCESS);
 #else	/* HAVE_FACCESSAT */

More information about the klibc mailing list