[klibc] Latest kernel reports "process '/bin/sh' started with executable stack"

Kees Cook keescook at chromium.org
Tue Feb 25 13:36:40 PST 2020

On Thu, Feb 06, 2020 at 04:38:34PM +0100, Christophe Leroy wrote:
> With latest kernel (Linus tree as of 5.6 merge window), I get the following
> warning in the kernel 'dmesg':
> [    5.746588] process '/bin/sh' started with executable stack
> This comes from commit https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux.git/commit/fs/exec.c?id=47a2ebb7f5053387f5753b524f4920b9b829f922
> "execve: warn if process starts with executable stack"

This commit is not a good idea. Does it think it's only in x86_64 land?

> objdump -x shows:
> /usr/lib/klibc/bin/sh:     file format elf32-powerpc
> /usr/lib/klibc/bin/sh
> architecture: powerpc:common, flags 0x00000102:
> start address 0x10000140
> Program Header:
>     PHDR off    0x00000034 vaddr 0x10000034 paddr 0x10000034 align 2**2
>          filesz 0x000000a0 memsz 0x000000a0 flags r-x
>   INTERP off    0x000000d4 vaddr 0x100000d4 paddr 0x100000d4 align 2**0
>          filesz 0x0000002a memsz 0x0000002a flags r--
>     LOAD off    0x00000000 vaddr 0x10000000 paddr 0x10000000 align 2**16
>          filesz 0x00010928 memsz 0x00010928 flags r-x
>     LOAD off    0x00010928 vaddr 0x10020928 paddr 0x10020928 align 2**16
>          filesz 0x00000144 memsz 0x00004880 flags rw-
>    STACK off    0x00000000 vaddr 0x00000000 paddr 0x00000000 align 2**4
>          filesz 0x00000000 memsz 0x00000000 flags rwx
> Indeed, the stack is rwx, which is unexpected. And it is the case for all
> klibc tools.
> How can we fix that ?

klibc uses trampolines for its setjmp implementation. I ran into this
years ago when eradicating executable stacks from Ubuntu:

Kees Cook

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